The Self – An Ego Machine

What is Consciousness?

12 October 2016 – 4 March 2017

Peter Kogler - Untitled

Peter Kogler, Untitled, 2016
© Peter Kogler, Foto: ERES-Stiftung / Christoph Knoch

Matt Mullican - Untitled - Untitled (A place to sleep)

Matt Mullican, Untitled, 2016, Untitled (A place to sleep), 2016
© Matt Mullican, Courtesy Mai 36 Galerie, Zürich & Capitain Petzel, Berlin, Foto: ERES-Stiftung / Christoph Knoch

Just what is consciousness exactly and why do we human beings have it? These questions are among the greatest unsolved mysteries of science. New techniques in brain research have led to unexpected results over the past few years. Neuroscientists all agree on one thing: the ego is an illusion created by the brain - but an extremely useful one. It ensures that we grasp only excerpts of reality, that we perceive ourselves as just one body and that the world appears uniform to us.

From the point of view of neuroscience, consciousness is an ego machine, a gigantic processing center that is based on the complex, pulsating discharge of billions of neurons which are compressed into an ego illusion. Without the brain’s ability to standardize, we would be lost. We couldn’t communicate with other people, couldn’t cooperate with them, learn from them, feel for them. Attempts are being made for the first time to transfer the human model to external systems such as robots or avatars. The rapid advances in fusing artificial intelligence and robotics are making the distinction between man and machine more permeable. We are on the threshold of a consciousness revolution. But what are the consequences?

Answers to these and other questions are what the ERES Foundation’ latest project The Self – an Ego Machine is searching for. How do we empathize with others? What happens in states of trance? What kind of consciousness do animals have? The exhibition shows artistic reactions to the fascinating results of contemporary neural research as well as surprising, original insights into the complexities of human consciousness.

Paweł Althamer uses LSD, magic mushrooms, hashish and other substances to put himself in expanded states of consciousness. In his performance film, “Do we feel with our brain and think with our heart?”, Jan Fabre discusses that question with neuroscientist Giacomo Rizzolatti. Carsten Höllers series of photographs, Sina, deal with whether or not animals have consciousness. Peter Kogler, with a cube especially conceived for this exhibition, questions the traditional experience of space and in doing so unleashes perplexing consciousness phenomena. His latest collages head straight for the subconscious with their visual swirls – a series part wildly colorful, part black hole remix. The exhibition is also showing new “Rubbings” by Matt Mullican as well as his video Breakfast. His latest piece Untitled (A place to sleep) is surprisingly storylike and formulates the human desire for security and intimacy with very simple means. Thomas Zipp has devised an ensemble consisting of paintings on canvas and electronic musical instruments that functions as a “neural network”. With antennas as “organs of perception” his music machine turns out to have life of sounds all its own - and perhaps even consciousness.

In addition, there are the amazingly artistic drawings by Spanish physiologist Santiago Ramón y Cajal (1852-1934), who was the first to identify transmitting neurons as the building blocks of the nervous system. There is also a photograph of the brain, taken by Ulrich Blum, doctor and photographer. To give visitors an impression of the new possibilities of generating virtual reality and the increasingly perfect illusion technology, VR headsets (Oculus Rift) will be part of the exhibition. This new technology makes it increasingly difficult for the brain and consciousness to distinguish between virtual reality and the real world – with spectacular effects.


Paweł Althamer, Jan Fabre, Carsten Höller, Peter Kogler, Matt Mullican, Thomas Zipp

Art + Science

Ulrich Blum, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Ernst Mach

Thomas Zipp - Spin Network and Quantum Gravity - Detail

Thomas Zipp, Spin Network and Quantum Gravity (Detail), 2016
© Thomas Zipp, Courtesy Galerie Guido Baudach, Galerie Rüdiger Schöttle, Foto: ERES-Stiftung / Christoph Knoch

Thomas Zipp - Spin Network and Quantum Gravity

Thomas Zipp, Spin Network and Quantum Gravity, 2016
© Thomas Zipp, Courtesy Galerie Guido Baudach, Galerie Rüdiger Schöttle, Foto: ERES-Stiftung / Christoph Knoch

Peter Kogler - Untitled

Peter Kogler, Untitled, 2016
© Peter Kogler

ICH ist eine EGO-Maschine - Ausstellungsansicht

Foto: ERES-Stiftung / Christoph Knoch


  • Tuesday, 18 October 2016, 7 pm

    Prof. Dr. Thomas Metzinger, Johannes Gutenberg Universität, Mainz, Director of the Theoretical Philosophy Group, Director of the Neuroethics Section, Director of the MIND Group
    The Transparent Avatar in your Brain

    Followed by art and science in dialogue: Peter Kogler and Thomas Metzinger

  • Wednesday, 16 November 2016, 7 pm

    Prof. Dr. Dr. Gerhard Roth, Brain Research Institute, Behavioral Physiology and Development Neurobiology, University of Bremen
    What is Consciousness? Exploring New Insights

  • Thursday, 26 January 2017, 7 pm

    Prof. Dr. Marie-Elisabeth Faymonville, Director of the Center for Chronic Pain, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège
    Scientific approach towards hypnosis and how it is related to the brain

  • Thursday, 9 February 2017, 7 pm

    Prof. Dr. Melanie Wilke, Director of the Department of Cognitive Neurology, University Medical Center Göttingen, German Primate Center, Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory
    Do animals have consciousness?


Accompanying the exhibition is a catalogue, EUR 10,00
Order via Catalogues


  • ICH ist eine EGO-Maschine
    KUNSTFORUM International, Bd. 244, Jan/Febr 2017, Jolanda Drexler
    Artikel als pdf

  • Neuronenentdecker und LSD-Trips
    NeuroTransmitter 01/2017, Angelika Otto
    Artikel als pdf

  • Die Frage nach dem Ich
    Donaukurier, 17. Januar 2017, Annette Krauß
    Artikel auf
    Artikel als pdf

  • Maschine Mensch! 100 Mrd.Neuronen schaffen Bewusstsein!
    München TV, 21. November 2016
    Video auf

  • Bildende Kunst Streifzug
    Münchner Feuilleton, November 2016, Erika Wäcker-Babnik
    Artikel als pdf

  • Thomas Metzinger und die Ego-Maschine
    B2 KulturWelt, 18. Oktober 2016

  • Hallo, du da
    Süddeutsche Zeitung, 17. Oktober 2016, Evelyn Vogel
    Artikel auf
    Artikel als pdf

  • Das konstruierte Ich
    in münchen, 20/2016, Barbara Teichelmann
    Artikel als pdf

  • Kunst trifft Neurowissenschaften
    Deutschlandfunk, 13. Oktober 2016, Julian Ignatowitsch
    Artikel auf

  • ERES-Stiftung München zeigt: ICH eine EGO-Maschine!?
    München TV, 12. Oktober 2016
    Video auf

  • Ich ist eine EGO-Maschine - Ausstellung in der ERES-Stiftung
    Deutschlandradio Kultur, 12. Oktober 2016

  • Ego-Maschine
    Kunstforum, 7. Oktober 2016
    Artikel auf

  • Ich ist eine EGO-Maschine – Was ist Bewusstsein?
    Radio LORA München, 6. Oktober 2016